What is PepsiCo’s future outlook from your perspective?

What is PepsiCo’s future outlook from your perspective?. What is PepsiCo’s future outlook from your perspective?. Answer this: Is PepsiCo’s future outlook from your perspective
1PepsiCo: Is diversification a choice?Mohamed Ezz, MD, DM (UMUC)PepsiCo

(PEP)www.pepsico.comOverviewPepsiCo, a world leader in beverages, food, and snacks with net revenues of more than $ 65billion, has a product portfolio of 22 of the most iconic brands in the industry;each of which has annual retail sales of more than one billions dollars.PepsiCo is the world’s # 2 carbonated beverage maker. The company’s brand portfolio includes(PepsiCo, 2016):A. Beverages:Pepsi, 7-Up, Mountain Dew, Sierra Mist, Mirinda, Gatorade, Tropicana, Lipton, and Aquafina.B. Snacks:Doritos, Frito-Lay, Tostitos, Ruffles, Cheetos, Fritos, Brisk, and Walkers,C. Foods:Quaker Oatesand Rice-A-Roni.PepsiCo: History & Background(Hoovers, 2016)Pepsi was invented in 1898 by pharmacist Caleb Bradham in New Bern, North Carolina. He named his new drink Pepsi-Cola and marketed it as a cure for indigestion and dyspepsia. Bradham followed Coca-Cola’s bottling franchise model and by World War I 300 bottlers had signed up. Following the war, Bradham started stockpiling sugar to safeguard against rising prices; however, in 1920 sugar prices plunged, leading to his bankruptcy in 1923.After changing ownership for some time, Loft Candy bought the company in 1931. During the Depression (1939), the company doubled the size of its bottles to 12 ounces without raising itsprice, which helped improve its fortune. In 1939 Pepsi introduced the first radio jingle in the world. In1941, Loft Candy merged with its Pepsi subsidiary to create the Pepsi Cola Company.The company acquired Mountain Dew in 1964and Frito Lay in 1965, and changed its name to PepsiCo. In 1972 PepsiCo began distributing Stolichnaya vodka in the States in return for being the only Western firm allowed to bottle soft drinks in the Soviet Union. PepsiCo bought Pizza Hut (1977), Taco Bell (1978), and KFC (1986) and became a formidable force in the fast food industry. In the period from 1991-1996 PepsiCo aggressively expanded its international bottling operations; however, it was no match Coca-Cola’s well-oiled international distribution machine. The Companythen focused its attention to the organization of its internationalnetwork. In 1997,PepsiCo spun off its $10 billion fast-food unit (currently Yum! Brands), which better positionedto sell its soft drinks at other restaurants. Also in 1997 PepsiCo bought Smith snacks
2and Borden’s Cracker Jack snack from United Biscuits.In 1998, PepsiCobought Seagram’s Tropicana juices, the main competitor to Coca Cola’s minute Maid for $3.3 billion. In 1999, the companysold a 65% stake in its new Pepsi Bottling Group in an IPO. .In 2001, PepsiCo bought the Quaker Oates Company for more than $13 billion, and added the market leader Gatorade sports drink brand to its portfolio The Company then sold its competing All Sport energy drink toThe Atlanta-based Monarch Beverage Company. In 2004 PepsiCo, attempted to create a joint-venture with the Ocean Spray, the juice maker; however, the cranberry farmers who own the company refused. In 2005, PepsiCo then boughtGeneral Mill’s stake of their joint venture (Snack Ventures Europe)(SVE)for $750 millioncreating Europe’s largest snack food company.PepsiCo Organizational StructureIn 2003, PepsiCo started a major restructuring that created four company divisions(Hoovers, 2016): 1. PepsiCo International2. PepsiCo Beverages North America3. Frito-Lay North America4. Quaker Foods North America.In its questto become a fully integrated global beverage and food company, PepsiCo announced in 2012 a new organizational structure, where the regions retain P&L responsibility, while its global groups operate across regions to fully leverage the scale and power of the company(PepsiCo, 2012).PepsiCo: IndustriesPepsiCo operates in twoindustries mainly:1. Non-alcoholic beverages:Key economic drivers include: Per capita soft drink consumption healthy eating index, per capita disposable income, per capita sugar and sweetener consumption, and price of corn. Producers are expected to refresh their product lines to decelerate falling demand(Ibis World, 2016).2. Snacks:Key economic drivers include: Per capita disposable income, healthy eating index, and price of corn. More innovative flavors and healthier foods will boost industry growth (Ibis World, 2016).Snack food producers also compete with substitute snacks such as cookies, crackers and granola bars. Also, healthier brand extensions of regular crackers and cookies, including organic
3and reduced-fat varieties, have boosted demand for snacks. In addition, increased snacking in the morning has led consumers to snack on more granola bars and cereal (Ibis World, 2016)

What is PepsiCo’s future outlook from your perspective?

What is PepsiCo’s future outlook from your perspective?

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Policy Impact and Civic Engagement

Policy Impact and Civic Engagement. Policy Impact and Civic Engagement. 1: Chapter 10 of the required text The New Public Service: Serving, not Steering covers citizen engagement and the New Public Service. The text gives examples of a wide variety of approaches to enhanced citizen participation. They conclude with practical recommendations. Why do you think most citizens do not take more interest in politics and public policy? Is citizen engagement an issue to which we should be paying attention? What might increase our national level of interest and participation? What would motivate you to become more active? Did the text cover the primary approaches or are there others? Finally, what other recommendations would you add to their list?

Part 2: Get out and do it! Apply what you have learned and engage! Kraft and Furlong wrote on page 156 that “students should arrange visits to government and other offices to obtain information and interview policy actors.”

A good starting point may a topic from this class that piqued your interest (think gun violence in schools, military retirement). Write your representatives, join a PAC, or share your thoughts with member of your local or state government.

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Politics, Analysis & Policy Choice

We close our class by discussing policy conflicts, incremental decision making, evaluating policies, and engagement of citizens in the policy making and implementation processes.

The textbook authors argue that ultimately all policies are a compromise or a collaborative position. Because the political/policy making system is fraught with various ideas, positions, ideologies and underlying goals, a policy will rarely end the way it was originally started. Working through this system is what drives incremental decision making. In other words, because we compromise through the policy making process, inherently the policy will need adjustment in the future and we will need to incrementally make changes. While this can be catastrophic for some policy areas, overall it provides an opportunity to continually modify, fine-tune, and evaluate various pieces of a policy issue.

When considering collaborative/compromise positions or adjustments to policies, it is imperative that we work through a policy analysis. Remember from the discussion in the textbook’s Chapters 4-6, policy analysis provides clarity to problems and solutions, provides information on actions and alternatives, and gives us knowledge to make informed and sustainable decisions. The factors we have considered when evaluating public policy are listed in this table:

Effectiveness

how well the policy achieves its goals

Efficiency

the cost of the policy in relation to the expected benefits

Equity

the level of fairness in the distribution of costs and benefits through society

Ethics (Liberty/Freedom)

impacts on freedom, liberty and cultural norms

Political Feasibility

the level of acceptance by elected officials

Social Acceptability

the level of public acceptance and support

Administrative Feasibility

the ability to implement the policy

Technical Feasibility

the availability and reliability of the technology needed for implementation

In addition to providing clarity and support, policy analysis can also provide insight into policy capacity. Policy capacity considers the performance of government and the ability to respond to citizens’ concerns. Through examining policy capacity, we are:

Analyzing institutional reforms
Providing better evaluation of agencies charged with implementation
Assessing better ways to inform citizens on actions to address problems and identify alternate solutions

Citizen Engagement

It is crucial and highly valuable for citizens to engage in the policy-making process. Whether it is elevating needs, communicating issues, or monitoring and analyzing policy actions, we all have a role in the policy-making process. I would encourage you to take part in public policy in some manner at the local, state or federal level.

One place that over 60% of American homeowners participate in micro-democracies is membership in homeowner associations (HOAs). These have evolved primarily from property developers wanting to ensure property values were not adversely affected by neighborhood issues, such as loose dogs, unsightly garbage, overgrown grass, etc. Given that all homeowners signed agreements when purchasing property within the HOA boundaries for organization by-laws and conditions, covenants, and rules (CC&Rs), they willingly submit to following the aforementioned documents or suffer the consequences (eg, HOA fines, property liens, and/or lawsuits). Each HOA is required to have a board of directors led by an elected president for a certain term limit. The Board can request homeowners do things they otherwise may not do, and can enforce these requests through local courts. As such, the HOA by-laws and CC&Rs have the force of law.

Recently, a freedom of speech issue came up when homeowners wanted to post signs supporting candidates during political elections. HOAs can prohibit even the posting of such signs in your home or car windows. To learn more about HOAs and their political powers, please read at least section 2 of Brian Jason’s 2006 article entitled “Regulation of Political Signs in Private Homeowner Associations: A New Approach.”

Finally, for any social issue to be considered, there needs to be an issue champion. An issue champion is a person or group of people who actually expend personal resources and time to get their interest (s) into the public forum for consideration. The process to do this is often referred to as issue mobilization. In my HOA, to get road signs posted to remind people to drive no faster than 15 MPH so as to minimize dust clouds, I had to go to each neighbor to explain what I wanted to do (ie, how many signs, where they would be posted, how much money would they cost, etc). If I had not done this, there would be no speed limit signs posted today.

Conclusion

Public Policy making involves many steps and people. However, the key factor to making any of this work is the involvement of citizens.

Reference
(1 source must come from)
Kraft, Michael and Scott Furlong. (2015) Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives.

Policy Impact and Civic Engagement

Policy Impact and Civic Engagement

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Demographical Research Paper on Tourism to Los Angeles, California

Demographical Research Paper on Tourism to Los Angeles, California. Demographical Research Paper on Tourism to Los Angeles, California. Write a comprehensive detailed report on tourism to Los Angeles. Who? What countries are they coming from? Ages? Reasons?” Why are they coming to Los Angeles? How long do they stay? What do they want to see, by demographic? for example, tourists from China want to see…… tourists from Latin America, Mexico want to see…tourists from the US want to see…
Los Angeles is implementing a Metro high speed transit that will go directly downtown. Give details on these plans and how will that help people to come downtown to check out the sites, museums etc.
What should Los Angeles do to attract tourists?

Demographical Research Paper on Tourism to Los Angeles, California

Demographical Research Paper on Tourism to Los Angeles, California

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The Option to Offshore

The Option to Offshore. The Option to Offshore. Any time a company explores offshoring instead of onshoring, the stakeholders should carefully analyze the different aspects that come into play in offshoring. A long-distance collaboration has the potential of letting the customer save money, but other risks may become too important to neglect and perhaps may even endanger the project. This Discussion is designed to help you evaluate a situation to establish if offshoring is the correct move.

The search bar below can help with your search for articles as you prepare for this Discussion.

Discussion Prompt:

• Read articles about reasons for selecting the offshoring option. Discuss the reasons that push for offshoring.

• If you were managing the production of an IT-related piece of hardware that was contracted offshore, what do you envision to be some of the factors that influence the project?

The Option to Offshore

The Option to Offshore

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Total Quality Management – 2

Total Quality Management – 2. Total Quality Management – 2. 1. Describe the seven stages of evolution in supplier partnerships. Which three do you think are most critical, and why? Please provide examples. (Objective 2.1)

2. If you were CEO for your organization, how would you go about creating and implementing a quality culture? What challenges would you likely encounter, and how do you plan to overcome these roadblocks? (Objective 2.2)

3.Analyze and assess at least four of the methods described in your text for laying the foundation for a quality culture. Provide examples from your own previous or current employment that either support or contradict these strategies. (Objective 2.2)

4.Differentiate the processes of identifying external and internal customer needs. Why are both important? (Objective 2.3)

5. Explain the concept of Quality Function Deployment (QFD), and tell how it relates to customer satisfaction and retention. (Objective 2.3)

6. Discuss the customer loyalty model, and explain the role of considering profitability in creating customer loyalty. (Objective 2.3)

Total Quality Management – 2

Total Quality Management – 2

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Culture Strategy

Culture Strategy. Culture Strategy. Harvard Business Review ranked Amazon CEO Jeffrey Bezos as the #2 Best Performing CEO in 2012. Here is what Bezos had to say about Amazon’s culture and strategy,

“First, there are stories we tell ourselves internally about persistence and patience, long-term thinking, staying focused on the customer. Second, we select people who, when they wake up in the morning, are thinking about how to invent on behalf of the customer. If you like a more competitively focused culture, you might find us dull. We find our culture intensely fun. We have an explorer mentality, not a conqueror mentality.”

Would this culture aid strategy execution anywhere? Why or why not?

Does your own workplace follow more of a conqueror mentality or an explorer mentality? Is that good for sustainable competitive advantage?

Culture Strategy

Culture Strategy

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persuasive speech

persuasive speech. persuasive speech. dose internet mean the death of news paper? ” topic, so i’ll presenting “against the internet news”. so i have attached sample of the outline should be look like. what you need to turn in to me : 1- outline ( i’m turning it in to the professor with 2 sources 3 main points withe couple support idea for each main point). 2- notes about the outline that i’m gonna read it during my speech * please use simple words because i’m international student

persuasive speech

persuasive speech

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Cyber Crime Partnership

Cyber Crime Partnership. Cyber Crime Partnership. Cultivating Partnership
Historically, government agencies have encountered a problem with partnering on cyberterrorism initiatives with private companies. What types of recommendations would you make to promote the relationship between the private and government sectors?

Cyber Crime Partnership

Cyber Crime Partnership

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Sociology – American Family

Sociology – American Family. Sociology – American Family. Complete the below assignment in a 500 word essay with sources properly cited.
What are the trends in the American family? The American family is changing. The objective of this assignment is to learn about the changes experienced by the family and conduct research in one area of the American family.
• Read the article from the Hoover Institute at Stanford University, “The Changing American Family” by Herbert S. Klein at https://www.hoover.org/research/changing-american-family. This website identifies and examines the changing aspects of the American Family.
• Identify one trend of interest to you among the many aspects mentioned in this article.
• Locate one academic article from an academic journal, one webpage from a credible institute, and one YouTube video (three different sources) discussing the trend you choose.
• Compare and contrast competing explanations in those three sources for the one trend you selected.
• Properly cite within your essay and include references at the end.

Sociology – American Family

Sociology – American Family

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Show What You Know: Criminal Law and Business in the Global Legal Environment

Show What You Know: Criminal Law and Business in the Global Legal Environment. Show What You Know: Criminal Law and Business in the Global Legal Environment. INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION
To successfully complete the assignment, read the assigned materials and submit your answers. Please review the rubric for grading criteria and see the model answer below for an example of a full credit answer.

PART I: REVIEW
Use the textbook to answer all questions. Answers must be complete, logical, thoughtful, supported by examples, and well written.

By answering questions 1 & 2, you will make progress towards achieving unit learning goal one. Questions 3 & 4 will help you achieve unit learning goal 3.

Why is crime relevant to business? Give at least three specific examples.
What strategies exist for businesses to minimize exposure to criminal liability or to loss associated with criminal activities?
Why is the global legal environment important to all businesses?
What legal considerations exist with respect to trade regulations, international contract formation, employment and human rights issues, and prohibited activities in the international environment? Give at least three specific examples.
PART II: CRITICAL THINKING
Complete the learning activity below. Answers must be complete, logical, thoughtful, supported by examples, and well written. Answering this question will help you achieve unit learning goal 4.

Watch WalMart Comes to Teotihuacán: A New York Times Investigation (????????)
Read The Bribery Aisle: How WalMart Got Its Way in Mexico (????????)
View Walmart and the Pyramids (????????)
Using Walmart as an example, discuss the following: (1) Did Walmart act illegally? (2) Did Walmart act immorally? (3) Identify all the parties who have responsibility for identifying, preventing, and punishing illegal acts taken by corporations doing business internationally.
Your answer should be at least 350 words.

PART III: MODEL ANSWER
The following is an answer submitted by a student for full credit on a similar assignment to the critical thinking questions above.

1. Briefly summarize Lilly Ledbetter’s experience with workplace discrimination.

In 1979, Lilly Ledbetter began working at the Goodyear tire plant in Gadsden, Alabama. She found out, after working for the company for 20 years, that she had been receiving less pay than men. Being a supervisor, she was paid much less than other male counterparts, and even some of those who ranked below her.

2. Why is this story relevant to a course on business law?

The story is relevant to a course on business law because it is against the law for businesses to discriminate against employees on the basis of their sex. Such prohibition is outlined under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Specifically, Title VII prohibits employers with more than fifteen employees to discriminate employees based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.

It is important for business students to know that in workplace, it is against the law to discriminate someone when they are recruiting new employees or interacting with other co-workers. Students should also know the rights not to be discriminated against.

3. Today, is equal pay for equal work a reality in the United States?

I would say that equal pay for equal work is a reality in the United States. However, I am sure there are still cases across the country where you will hear inequality of pay at work.

I think it is already a reality because it is in our law in the Civil Rights Act, that it is illegal to discriminate against someone on the basis of their race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. The Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act allows equal-pay lawsuit to have the 180-day filing deadline extended to the latest paycheck. Nowadays, wherever there is injustice in related to equal-pay, it can be resolved by our legal system.

4. What other forms of discrimination occur in the workplace? Give at least one specific example from a news report or other quotable source.

Discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex and national origin exists in workplace. Also exists is pregnancy discrimination. Employers may refuse to hire a woman because she is pregnant or is considering becoming pregnant. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 addresses such issues. It amended Title VII to make it illegal to discriminate on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. A female worker who becomes pregnant is entitled to work as long as she can perform her tasks, and her job must be held open for her while she is on maternity leave.

In the case Peggy Young vs UPS, Young took on a part-time role with UPS as a truck driver, picking up air shipments. Four years later, she took a leave of absence to receive in vitro fertilization. When she became pregnant and a midwife instructed her not to lift packages over 20 pounds, Young asked to return to UPS to do either light duty or her regular job as a truck driver, which seldom required her to lift heavy boxes. Her manager told her that UPS offered light duty to workers who sustained on-the-job injuries, employees with ailments covered by the Americans With Disabilities Act, and those who had lost Department of Transportation certification because of physical ailments; not—the manager said—to pregnant workers.

Young won the case in March 2015. The court ruled that Young had the right to sue UPS for pregnancy discrimination. The court did not issue a rigid rule that will dictate when an employer must make accommodations for a pregnant worker. Instead, Justice Breyer left a bit of wiggle room. He wrote, in essence, that if an employer is going to not accommodate a pregnant woman while accommodating other employees “similar in their ability or inability to work,” the employer must have a “legitimate, non-discriminatory reason” for doing so.

Show What You Know: Criminal Law and Business in the Global Legal Environment

Show What You Know: Criminal Law and Business in the Global Legal Environment

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