AP draft 1. AP draft 1. Advocacy Essay (Draft 1)
First, read the prompt for the Advocacy Project and AGWR pp. 254-260 (Bridging HCR to AP, the AP).
One of the most important tasks of the Advocacy Essay is to show that your policy/solution is a good fit for the problem as you’ve defined it. Your final draft will need to include: an introduction containing a thesis with the advocated policy/solution, a condensed description of the problem in its current state and the problem’s consequences (this can include material re-packaged from the HCP), a description of your policy, arguments in favor of your policy, counter-argument that you undermine(which could be in the form of striking down alternative policies, and/or in the form of answering objections to your policy), multi-modal elements, and a conclusion. How you arrange these elements is up to you. I’d recommend putting the description of your problem near the front, though!
For Draft 1, I am asking for something more like prewriting/brainstorming/outlining. I want you to research and evaluate several policies before you decide which policy you’ll advocate for in your final paper.
Review the types of arguments described on pages 254-260 in the AGWR. The arguments listed in AGWR 254-260 (and below) are ways to analyze various policies. Once you have found a policy that you believe is strong, then write as much as you can for each of the 1-6 argument types listed below. Then repeat – search for another policy, and again, write as much as you can for each of the 1-6 argument types listed below. Cover at least two policies (or more, if you decide).
Try to write a few sentences for every argument below; if you 100% know that a certain form of argument won’t work for you (say if you’re writing about managing an incurable disease, so you can’t really say that your policy addresses the causes of the disease), write a few sentences explaining why.
The writing you do for each of these can take the form of notes or bullet points if you want, or you can try drafting paragraphs if you prefer. Please cite everything, even if you’re just writing notes or bullet points, so that you don’t lose track of where information came from. The more work you do at this stage, the better your analysis will be, and the easier your later drafts will be!
1. Causation Argument: What are the root causes of the problem? Does your policy address those causes more effectively than other solutions?
2. Coverage/Comprehensiveness Argument: Does your policy satisfactorily address the problem for a significant number of those people most affected by the problem? (You will need to show how many people, or what groups of people, will be affected by your solution.)
3. Cost/Benefit Argument: Do the policy’s benefits exceed its costs? (Remember that not all costs are financial– time/effort/inconvenience etc can also count as costs.)
4. Feasibility Argument: Is your policy feasible? Is it more realistic than other solutions? Is it easy to implement? Does it have enough support from significant parties to make it likely to be implemented?
5. Comparison Argument: Has a similar policy worked significantly well in another comparable context?
6. Anticipating the Opposition: What arguments do opponents of your policy make? (They might argue directly against your policy, or they might advocate a different policy.) How can you answer those arguments? It’s best if you can find real arguments made by real people that you can quote and cite, but you can also imagine what an opponent might say if you must.
What You Should Upload (as a single Word document):
1) As much as you can think of for each of the 6 argument types above. As I said, this can be in the form of notes or outlines for now, but the more comprehensive you can be, the better.
2) A paragraph reflecting on the work you did for step #1: Which of the policies seem the most promising and why? This paragraph should also talk about your remaining research goals: what kinds of information are you going to need to find to more fully support the arguments you will make?
3) A revised thesis. Your thesis needs to explain specific reasons why your policy is the best solution to the problem. Your thesis may be more than one sentence long if necessary.
4) Your current working bibliography, with at least two new sources since your proposal (highlight or underline them so I know which they are). All citations must have an evaluative annotation.
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